One only needs to break down the motives of a narcissistic person to see why learning based ideology falls apart for many. The core issue with the narcissist is that they lack empathy. They objectify and see others as a supply source and extension of themselves. People are card board cut outs. Responsibility is something to be avoided at all costs for the narcissist and they will make people feel like a crazy person when confronted. The bottom line is that they care for no one except themselves.
Those who mirror their emotions through the dog and human relationship are setting up the same scenario when it comes to being deceived. The relational dynamics in play create the same type of objectification and motives underpinning how the dog responds within various interactions. From first appearances one can be deceived into making certain assumptions which are not always true. Those who promote the idea that dogs can learn their way out of behavior issues are disconnected from the relational reality of what is really influencing the dog's decision making process. Just like what motivates response in the human world two entirely different things can be happening. The relational context of physical response must be qualified to assess if meaningful change is actually happening. The possessive connection happening between dog and owner allows this deception to continue based on reverse fulfillment.
This system approaches training as an intervention because for the majority of dogs and owners that is what it represents. Failure to recognize dogs as the relational beings they really are puts the owner at risk of failure based on a misplaced focus and lack of discernment as to what is really happening beyond the surface.